Concepts about visual thinking related to the aesthetic experience caused by art
We may realize that art means something different for everyone.
Approaches to the definition of art
Art may be seen as:
Opinions about Art
History of art is a history of different definitions of art. For example, some people thought that:
Opinions about Beauty
History of art is a history of different definitions of beauty. In different times, people thought that:
A story about worth
However, beauty of the masterpieces has been appraised not only according to their aesthetic values but also because of an artist’s fame. Van Megeren -- an extraordinary forger of the masterpieces had been selling his works for millions until they were recognized as forgeries. Then the buyers felt they lost millions.
A story about preferences
Two contemporary artists, Komar and Melamid made a research about viewers’ choices related to art: what is beautiful, what is ugly, what would they like to have in their homes. Their work is described in the “Painting by Numbers” book by Joan Wypijewski.
Opinions about creation
Greeks and Romans did not talk about creation -- they just made things according to rules. Plato thought artists imitate but not create (Plato, Respublica, 597D). During Middle Ages creation was restricted to God and artists studied natural beauty to imitate it, so many languages have different word for creation by God and creation by an artist. Renaissance brought about freedom of creating un-natural forms (Leonardo da Vinci). Now rules, formulas, and skills but also imagination, novelty, creativity are valued, as “on an old tree, in an old way, new leaves are growing,” and “every car is new while all its parts do not differ from old cars.”
The aesthetic perception of the work may be based on examination of meanings:
Opinions about aesthetics
Aesthetic experience may mean
Synesthesia is a phenomenon in which the real information received by one sense is experienced in another: people with synesthesia can “hear” color, “taste” shapes, and so on. For example, hearing the musical tone C and seeing the colour red. Usually, the deeper is a musical note, the darker is the color. Similar reactions may accompany sensations of taste, touch, pain, smell, or temperature. Color-hearing" is relatively frequent. Some musicians report that they see particular colours whenever they hear given tones and musical passages; poets sometimes claim to hear sounds or musical tones when they see words, images, and colors. We may try to produce occasions for synesthetic events, and happenings by combining several art media at the same time.
Opinions about electronic art
Some qualities that make electronic art different from traditional art are: it is time-based (often recorded as a video or on a CD), multidimensional, involves multimedia, interactivity, and provides synesthetic experience. Computer art critics discuss new trends in electronic art and look for electronically generated art which evoke strong aesthetic emotion, are truly contemporary (could not have been produced in previous epoch), and might be identified as an innovative or original masterpiece.
Strategies for visual problem solving – writing a professional critique of an artwork
Writing a critique means describing, evaluating, comparing, contrasting, rather then saying personal things about it. Critical analysis is considered a higher level thinking strategy, which involves description, analysis, interpretation and judgment. When we are talking or writing on art, we put several types of questions to evaluate what we see and what we experience.
The descriptive questions ask what we see
Write a critique of the artwork done by one of your favorite artists. Choose the work you like the most. Make a description of the artwork under critique; the artist's name, the title of the artwork, its size, medium, year of production. First, collect the facts only (not your opinions) relating to depiction, composition, placement of objects, technique used, etc.
Try to make up a statement that would unify the single traits of the work. Make a critical interpretation of observations you have made. Do the separate traits of the work sum up to fit together and make sense? Why did you choose this piece of work and why did you prefer this one to the others.
Web pages that contain collections of art
World History Sources: http://chnm.gmu.edu/worldhistorysources/whmfinding.php